The article describes and analyses the conflicts over land, authority and natural resources among the non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the ethnic groups in West Caprivi in Namibia. It also offers information on the tribalism, tradition and ethnicity in South Africa, and also presents and analysis on the multi-layered political nature of identities. The ethnic groups, namely Khwe and Mbukushu, were also discussed, as well as their contested authority in relation to the state and how the people of each group were constructed.
Taylor, Julie J.1
Department of International Development, University of Oxford,